The Lead Up To The Battle of Red Cliff

Just like the name suggests, there were three regimes throughout the 3 Kingdoms Period, Wei, Shu and Wu, came from 220 AD when Wei overtook the Eastern Han Empire (25 AD-220 AD) and ended in 280 AD when the Wu was defeated by the Court of Jin. It is looked at to be an unique historic period packed with power struggles and advanced military strategies.

Cao Cao’s ascent

After Dong Zhuo attacked Luoyang, Cao left to Chenliu (currently southeast of Kaifeng in Henan District) and started to put together military forces to rebel. In 193, Dong was killed in a revolt yet the scrimmage continued to be. This duration of strife continued until 196, Balkanized areas were formed among which the most two powerful ones were those of Yuan Shao and Cao Cao.

Cao Cao’s rivals

Towards the conclusion of the dominant Han empire, as civil insurrection expanded, a new leader arose in China’s north, and it appeared that a new empire was about to begin. That leader, Cao Cao, had been a trivial general in the Han army but rose to notability when he effectively smothered the Yellow Turban Rebellion. He effectively consolidated the north under his lead however faced opposition when he attempted to march south. 2 other leaders, Liu Bei and Sun Quan, had combined forces to obstruct Cao Cao’s southerly advancement.

Battle of Red Cliff

The resulting Struggle of Red Cliff saw a few of the most advanced warfare China had yet witnessed, thanks to the inventiveness of Liu Bei’s chancellor, Zhuge Liang. Also, notable during the battle was Zhao Yun, Zilong who hailed from Zhending of Changshan.

While when Liu Bei was pursued by Cao Cao’s forces at Dangyang Changban, Liu Bei deserted his wife and child to run away south. Zhao Yun lugged the child, who was Liu Shan and likewise protected Lady Gan, the mother of Liu Shan, with his signature weapon, the Zhao Yun spear, hence all of them managed to escape the risks. Zhao Yun was later on designated as YaMen JiangJun (General of the Standard).

The 3 Kingdoms

Combat raved on between the three emperors with each claiming validity. Yet not even 20 years after the announcement of the 3 kingdoms, they saw themselves breaking down. Wei was tossed into chaos by internal conflict, Shu-Han lost their key weapon when chancellor Zhuge Liang died, and Wu fell into decline after the death of Sun Quan.

Lastly, Sima Yan, one of the Wei generals, supplanted the throne and proclaimed the start of the Jin empire, yet the nation would not be fully rejoined until just about 400 years later on. This thus marked the official end of the 3 kingdoms and the beginning of a reunified China.